Prevent Spots on the Skin Better

Have you ever wondered what the best cure to prevent this annoying problem related to skin pigmentation? Surely the prevention! Learn how to treat and prevent skin blemishes.

The skin blemishes are a change of the skin color, that can be circumscribed or diffuse. The color of the skin depends primarily on the melanin, a pigment that is responsible for the five basic skin and hair colors: black, Brown, red, yellow, white. Two other substances that contribute to skin color are hemoglobin and carotenoids.

The changes in skin color are linked in most cases to an altered distribution of melanic pigmentation and can be divided into two large groups:

  • ipermelanosi or melanin in the skin characterized by increased hyperchromic;
  • hypomelanosis with reduction or absence of pigment from the skin.

The ipermelanosi are the most common skin blemishes, usually localized to specific areas of the skin and can be due to an increase in the number of melanocytes (cells that produce melanin) and increased melanin (dark pigment produced by melanocytes) with normal numbers of melanocytes.

Causes of skin blemishes

The causes of ipermelanosi can be both genetic and environmental. Triggers more frequent exposure to ultraviolet (solar both from artificial sources); taking photosensitising drugs or Phototoxic; applying cosmetics, perfumes or waxing that generate in predisposed patients a post inflammatory hyperpigmentation; hormonal factors, in particular the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The ipermelanosi most frequently affects women of childbearing potential, because the hormones estrogen and progesterone plays an important role in this disease. It is thus no coincidence that most of the diagnosis of ipermelanosi occurs in women of contraceptive or therapeutic or hormone therapy in pregnant women for which, in this case, it is called ‘ melasma Gravidarum» or «Chloasma».

The most common ipermelanosi are the senile lentigo that is round in shape, often brown spots that appear after 40 years linked to a chronic exposure and melasma, which occurs with brown spots that are not perfectly symmetrical that usually affect the region case mainly on the upper lip, cheekbones and forehead, nose and Chin, sometimes very often associated with pregnancy.

Prevent skin blemishes

Treatment of skin spots is absolutely linked to the adoption of preventive measures to prevent the emergence or accentuation. It is therefore necessary to use sunscreens with high protection even during the winter months and avoid, when possible, hormonal therapies.

Heal skin blemishes

The complexity of the causes of skin blemishes implies the need to perform a proper diagnosis: you should determine the specific cause and take the most appropriate and effective care. Fundamental is the visit Dermatology: the specialist, after a careful clinical examination, find the depth of the pigment. Usually Brown or black stains have a more superficial epidermal layer, pigment, while blue grey stains are due to a pigment deeper, in the dermis. The larger the depth of the pigment, the more difficult the Elimination of blur.

There are numerous solutions to lighten skin blemishes.

  • Thetopical therapy with creams depigmenting substances constitutes an effective treatment, able to ensure a good result.
  • Thechemical peel: a treatment that involves the application of one or more chemicals that progressively lighten the lesion through exfoliation of superficial layers of the skin through stimulation of dermal component and a general improvement of the skin.
  • Lacryotherapy uses liquid nitrogen or nitrous oxide to temperatures to create an epidermal damage at the level of the lesion causing the formation of bubbles that are discarded after a few days taking away the stain.
  • TheRF diatermal coagulation is an electric instrument emanating high frequency microwaves, able to burn your skin. When treated the lesion, the surface of the skin is removed and with it the stain.
  • Laser therapy, which acts selectively on the melanin.
  • The IPL, which differs from the laser light, because this is an inconsistent light with wavelength ranging from 515 to 1200 nm, so adaptable to target.

Gallery

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