Chicago – “Queen of the Lake”
With just under three million residents, Chicago is the third largest city in the United States according to Abbreviationfinder. For the majority of Chicagoans, the city on Lake Michigan is in no way inferior to the other metropolises in the country. On the contrary. They constantly emphasize the uniqueness of their city, which they affectionately and proudly call “Queen of the Lake”. In fact, this big city in the northeastern United States is special in many ways. Due to its location on the second largest lake of the “Great Lakes” and its access to the Mississippi, it has always had a special economic position. It is considered the birthplace of modern American architecture and its imposing skyline does not need to hide behind that of New York.
New York has most of the modern skyscrapers, but the tallest soar into the Midwestern sky. Modern architects such as Louis Sullivan, Daniel Burnham and Mies van der Rohe have created a unique, soaring architecture in Chicago that still exerts a great influence on international architecture.
Al Capone (1899-1947), one of the most notorious and well-known criminals in the USA, lived here in the 1920s and 1930s, who was involved in illegal gambling, prostitution and, during the prohibition period, in the alcohol trade.
Immigrants from Europe, Asia and Latin America and the immigration of black populations from the south of the USA shaped and shaped the appearance and culture of Chicago decisively and ensured the city’s international character. In addition to the cultural diversity, the great ethnic diversity also posed problems from the start. Even today the city is divided into ethnically distinct quarters. There were and are Polish, Irish, Italian and Latin American districts, the old and new “Chinatown” and the predominantly black neighborhoods in the “Southside”. Coexistence is often difficult, distrust of “the other”
The charm of Chicago today is the impressive architecture, the large number of theaters, the famous museums, the extravagant nightlife, the unique jazz and blues scene and the great ethnic diversity. Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States, lived in the city from 1985 until he was elected president in 2008, including many years in charitable organizations.
Information that applies to the entire country, e.g. B. on currency, entry requirements, health issues and the like, see USA.
|Name of the city||City of Chicago|
|Name in German||Chicago|
|Country||United States of America (USA)|
|Other names||“The Windy City”|
Elevated Train “EL”
|Location||Chicago is located in the state of Illinois in the American Midwest on the southwest shore of Lake Michigan.|
|Function of the city||County Seat of Cook County|
|Surface||approx. 606 km²|
|Population||Approx.3,000,000 (in the city)
Approx.9,000,000 (in the agglomeration)
|Ethnicities||Mainly descendants of German, Irish, Polish and Italian immigrants,
Afro-Americans, Latin Americans, Asians from various countries
addition, the languages of the many immigrants are spoken.
|Religions||Va Roman Catholic Christianity
In total, about 100 other religions, denominations and denominations are practiced in Chigaco.
|National currency||US dollars ($ 1 = 100 cents)|
|Tourist center||Illinois Office of Tourism
100 West Randolph
Chicago, IL 60601
|Telephone code with country code||001 – 312 – participant number|
|Time compared to CET||– 7 h|
|Line voltage, line frequency||120 volts and 60 hertz|
Universities and other educational institutions
Founded in 1898, this Catholic college currently has approximately 24,000 students, making it the largest private university in Illinois. The largest Catholic college in the United States has an older campus in Lincoln Park and a newer one in the city center.
Harold Washington Public Library
With the Harold Washington Public Library, architecturally so beautifully built in the Beaux Arts style, Chicago has the largest public library in the world.
Loyola University Chicago
The college currently attended by 15,000 students is the largest Jesuit- run university in the USA. It was named after the founder of the order, Ignatius von Loyola. Founded in 1870 as Saint Ignatius College, the university is a member of the Horizon League and one of 28 member universities of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities.
This private university has its main campus in Evanston, but has a second campus in Chicago near the Magnificent Mile (see above). The college was founded in 1851 by Methodists from Chicago.
University of Chicago
The private university, founded in 1890, was modeled on the German universities as they were shaped by the Humboldt brothers. The University of Chicago is also a renowned founding member of the Association of American Universities. This association of North American universities, established in 1900, has committed itself to intensive research.
Booth School of Business
The Booth School of Business is part of the University of Chicago and was named the world’s best business school by the Economist in 2010.
University of Illinois at Chicago
The largest university in Chicago with currently 14,000 students goes back to the Chicago Charitable Eye and Ear Infirmary founded in 1858, the College of Pharmacy established in 1859 and the College of Physicians and Surgeons established in 1882, all of which became today’s university in 1890 of Illinois have been summarized.