Psoriasis is a skin disease, caused by the renewal too fast of the cells. The result are injuries to the reddish surface, with silvery scales.
The psoriasis shows signs of discomfort that matter relieve. With the daily care suitable it is possible to live in greater comfort on your skin. It is a chronic skin disease, whether autoimmune, which means that it arises when the immune system emits signals for abnormal which accelerate the normal growth cycle of skin cells.
Psoriasis is quite common and is not contagious, contrary to what you might think. This aspect is important, because there may be the fear of contracting this disease by swimming in a pool or contacting with the affected people and this fear is unfounded and creates embarrassment unavoidable in the patient.
Although this disease can manifest at any age, most cases occur between 15 and 30 years, being also common between 50 and 60 years of age.
WHAT IS PSORIASIS?
As a general rule, is characterized by the appearance of red lesions, thick, and scaly, usually on the elbows, scalp, knees, and lumbar region. In more serious situations, can cover large areas of the body.
Can also occur on the nails and, about 10% of patients develop psoriatic arthritis.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF PSORIASIS?
Still not much is known about the causes, however, the disease can arise in any person, however, has a genetic pattern, that is, if the father and mother have psoriasis, the odds of having the disease increases to 40%.
It is believed that our immune system exists in a cell, known as T-cell, that runs throughout the human body looking for elements such as viruses and bacteria, with the aim to combat. So, if the person has psoriasis, these T cells end up attacking the healthy cells of the skin, as it were, to heal a wound or treat an infection.
However, this theory is not scientifically proven and affirmed.
There are some factors that can trigger in psoriasis, such as:
- Infections of the throat and of the skin;
- Lesions on the skin, such as wounds, burns from the sun or other, of nature physical, chemical, electrical, surgical or inflammatory;
- Variations in climate;
- Excessive consumption of alcohol;
- Biochemical changes, that is, of the metabolism of some substances on the skin.
HOW TO MANIFEST THE PSORIASIS?
The skin becomes dry, it causes itching and sometimes pain.
These injuries can either be limited to areas such as the scalp, the nails, the pads of the hands, the palms of the feet, the knees, the elbows, the ears or the trunk, as you can extend to a large area of the body.
HOW IT IS DIAGNOSED PSORIASIS?
There are various skin diseases with signs similar to those of psoriasis, and, therefore, the diagnosis should always be established by clinical observation by a dermatologist. In some cases you may be required to be confirmed with a skin biopsy.
Beyond the observation of the skin, the dermatologist will also look to get to know the family history of the patient and better understand his daily activities, so as to mislead the triggering factors.
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF PSORIASIS?
This skin disease can manifest in the body in several ways, namely:
It is the most common form and affects about 80% of the patients. Can arise at any age, but is more frequent in adults aged less than 40 years. Can arise in the wake of other manifestations of the disease.
It is also more symptomatic than other forms of the disease, being frequent:
- sensation of itching
- erythema (large lesions of the skin reddish)
- plates thick, white-silver, “the scales” or “dandruff” and shedding
- extension of the lesions on the face, neck, or regions retroauriculares
- little hair in the areas with plates psoriáticas
- PLAQUE OR PSORIASIS VULGARIS
Are the majority of cases and is characterized by lesions with raised red color, covered in scales and silver. The size, number and extent of the lesions varies with the stage of disease of each patient.
The lesions appear mainly on the elbows, scalp, knees and the lumbar region ma spodem affect any area of the body, namely, extensive areas of the trunk and limbs.
- GUTTATE PSORIASIS
The word guttate is related to the word drop, of Latin origin. The guttate psoriasis is one of the manifestations of the disease, in which the skin shows small red lesions, and with the form of droplets that appear on the arms, legs, scalp and trunk.
Affects mainly children and young people, and it is less frequent than the previous ones. In most cases, appears sudden, the lesions are smaller (in the form of gout. Can disappear or evolve into psoriasis vulgaris.
- NAIL PSORIASIS
This type of psoriasis affects the nails and toes of the hands and feet. Causes the nail to grow so anoral, thicken, escame and lose the color. Usually appear also yellowish patches. In some cases, the nail will eventually fall off.
- PUSTULAR PSORIASIS
It is a rare form of the disease. Can patches appear in all parts of the body, or concentrate in smaller areas, such as the hands and feet.
The spots develop rapidly, forming bubbles full of pus, a few hours after appearing to redness. The blisters dry up, usually in the space of a day or two, but may reappear during several days or weeks.
Allied to these symptoms, can even cause fever, chills, fatigue and intense itching.
- PSORIASIS ERITRODÉRMICA
It is the less common type of psoriasis. The lesions may be widespread, in 75% of the body, with red spots that may cause itching or burning intense.
There are several factors that can trigger this type of psoriasis, including treatments sudden with the use of or the retreat abrupt corticoids, infections, severe burns or another type of psoriasis poorly controlled.
- PSORIASIS ARTROPÁTICA
This type of disease can be related with any clinical form of psoriasis. In addition to presenting skin inflammation and flaking, psoriasis artropática is also characterized by a strong pain in the joints.
- PALMOPLANTAR PSORIASIS
In these cases, the lesions appear in the form of cracks in the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.
HOW IS IT TREATED PSORIASIS?
This disease has no cure, however it is possible to treat your symptoms: the treatment aims to interrupt the cycle of renewal accelerated the cells and relieve the symptoms, returning the softness to the skin.
Complying with the treatment is essential to control the disease. In addition, there are gestures and products that reduce the discomfort and improve your appearance and contribute to the quality of life and well-being.
HOW TO CARE FOR COMFORT?
1. DAILY BATH
Opt for quick-drench facilities with warm water and with a suitable product, hypoallergenic and soap-free. In addition. in the bath water, you can put a oil, to help remove the scales and soothe the skin.
2. HYDRATION OF THE SKIN
Apply a moisturizing cream suitable always after the bath, and, if possible, more than once per day, especially in dry days or cold. You can also opt for a moisturizer with urea, because, in addition to moisturize the skin, also helps remove the crusts and scales thicker.
3. USE PRODUCTS GENTLE
Soaps, deodorants and makeup should be hypoallergenic, without alcohol or perfume.
4. AVOID RUBBING THE LESIONS
Dry the skin with soft touches; the folds and crannies of the skin should be carefully special.
5. MODERATE EXPOSURE TO THE SUN
The sunlight is beneficial, but always with sunscreen (with a protection factor of 50+); Exposure to sunlight in excess can aggravate or trigger outbreaks.
6. REDUCE THE CONSUMPTION OF ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO
7. AVOID THE STRESS AND ANXIETY.
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